Why are we stressed? What impact it has on our brain?

           Everyone feels stressed sometime, it’s when you feel overwhelmed with tension and feel really awful or in cases when you feel threatened. This is an emotion that takes place in your mind in various situations like an unpleasant, uncomfortable or inconvenient incident that happened to you.

        A sickness that is related to stress is the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and it develops after a traumatic event like death, injury or sexual assault. Its symptoms are disturbing flashbacks, avoiding social relationships, numbing of memories and high levels of anxiety.

         In modern life is full of stressful situations like deadlines, frustrations, difficult demands and many others. For many people stress becomes a routine because of the difficult choices that we have to make day in and day out. Stress in small doses can be helpful, motivating you to do your best, even in extreme cases helping your body to reach the maximum limit.

        Stress is a normal physical and mental response to an event that is threatening. When such a thing happens, your body and mind goes in high gear having a fast response to react to the imminent event. This helps you protect yourself, focusing all the energy to get out of the stressful situation. The stress also helps you achieve your goals, helping you sharpen your concentration, keeps you on your toes and motivating you not to give up.

        But beyond a certain point, too much stress can be harmful and damaging your performance, your health, your mood, your relationship with others and your quality of life.

          Studies show that the most stressful occupations are in prisons, in the police department, social working and teaching.

            What impact has stress on your brain?

        Once your brain goes into stress mode, let’s say in a danger situation, it sends nerve signals to your spinal cord and your adrenaline raises. The hormone of adrenaline kicks in immediately, increasing the amount of sugar in your blood, your heart rate and blood pressure rises, making your body go in extreme mode, helping you in different situations.

            The long-term effect are different then the short-term effect!

        The long term effect raises the cortisol levels affecting your immune system and damaging your brain cells and may cause memory loss. The long term effect produces high level of blood pressure, being pretty dangerous, making you vulnerable to heart strokes.

           Another effect of long-term stress is damaging of brain cells, killing them because of the high level of hormone called cortisol. This hormone, damaging the brain cells, causes you to have memory loss and starts a premature ageing of the brain.

        Chronic stress affects you mentally and it’s quite clear that stress is related with depression or anxiety, well known diseases spread mainly to the middle age people.

            How to deal with stress and its symptoms?

            We have more control over stress than we think, unfortunately there isn’t only one way to response to stress. You just need to focus on things that make you calm like watching a movie, having a drink, eating some comfort food, tacking some pills to relax and many other ways. As we all are different and have different kinds of stress there isn’t one way to help you with stress.

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