The Eternal Battle of Coffee vs. Tea

Coffee and tea are the main drinks we all take our pleasure in every day. The big dilemma is the impact these drinks have on our health. Tea is, next to water, the most consumed beverage in the world, but coffee is also very popular. For many people, coffee is a miraculous cure that chases away tiredness, headaches and lack of motivation. It is often seen as an addiction, thus tea is traditionally considered the healthier option. Still, modern scientific studies prove different. In these conditions, asking ‘Coffee or tea?’ Is perfectly relevant.

  1. Which contains more caffeine?

Coffee beans contain 2% caffeine, which is almost completely transferred into the coffee when made. For instance, a 120 ml cup will get you 80 – 120 mg of caffeine. Espresso coffee contains more caffeine, but is consumed in smaller quantities.

Tea plant contains up to 4% more caffeine (substance once called Thein) than the coffee bean. But because less leaves are used for an infusion, the final drink has less caffeine. A cup of black tea has between 30 and 60 mg of caffeine, just like green tea.

  1. Which keeps you more awake?

coffee-tea-comparison-caffeineCoffee has a quicker effect because caffeine goes completely and quickly into blood; the maximum effect appears in 20 – 60 minutes. In case of tea, effect is less powerful because of the infusion process. It acts slower, but for a longer period of time, compared to coffee. A tip for a more efficient effect: infuse tea for 3 minutes at most. Thus, tea acts more stimulatingly.

  1. Which is more beneficial for the organism?

For some people, coffee is bad for their stomach, because it contains acids. Decaffeinated coffee has less acids usually. Espresso, due to preparing at high pressure, has less irritating substances. However, in case you have such problems, it is better to consume coffee with milk.

Tea is well taken by the stomach and is used as a popular means of dealing with gastrointestinal disorders. To this positive effect contribute the so-called catechins, which inhibit the virus and bacteria developing. To obtain this particular effect, it is recommended to infuse tea for 5 to 7 minutes. Green tea contains more catechins than black tea.

  1. Do they ‘steal’ body water and minerals?

Caffeine has a diuretic effect, but the organism balances the liquids loss during the day by itself. Also, for inveterate coffee drinkers, this effect is reduced. Neither coffee, nor tea has a bad influence on the body water balance. Coffee may negatively act upon the plant iron uptake from plants, which is why vegetarians are recommended to not drink coffee during meals. Iron uptake from animal products, however, is not prejudiced.

  1. Are there long-term effects on health?

Coffee has a bad reputation with regard to the heart and blood circulation. Yet, studies show that coffee drinkers do not suffer more from heart diseases. A negative influence on the cardiac rhythm disorders is only manifested at people who are sensitive to caffeine. For example, people with high cholesterol values need to avoid unfiltered coffee, because it could increase the quantity of fat in their blood. Some studies even refer to preventive effects when it comes to certain types of cancer.

Scientists have proved that a cup of coffee a day can reduce risk of skin cancer by 11%. Also, women who drink 4 cups a day present much smaller risk of developing type 2 diabetes – the same with men and Parkinson’s disease. Moreover, coffee is good for weight loss and depression.

Tea contains many tans, like flavonoids, whose positive impact on health is under study. As antioxidants, they can inhibit certain reactions that damage cells. Tea can defend the organism from cardiac diseases or some types of cancer, as well. Another advantage of tea: it contributes to preventing cavity, because tea leaves contain lots of fluorine. Several drops of lemon can even enhance this effect. Green tea protects neurons and helps produce dopamine in the brain, substance that reduces risk of Parkinson’s disease. It also contains large amounts of antioxidants and anti-inflammatories that fight against aging.

Who wins the battle? Both tea and coffee and energizing and healthy drinks, especially if consumed with moderation, so it is quite difficult to pick one or the other. As seen, a short comparison proves that each drink has its own pros and cons. But it makes sense to profit from benefits of both, by alternatively consuming coffee and tea.

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